To support the continuous development of PlantTFcat, please cite: Xinbin Dai, Senjuti Sinharoy, Michael K. Udvardi and Patrick X. Zhao, PlantTFcat: An Online Plant Transcription Factor and Transcriptional Regulator Categorization and Analysis Tool, BMC Bioinformatics, 2013, 14:321, doi:10.1186/1471-2105-14-321.
The Zhao Bioinformatics Laboratory
PlantTFcat: An Online Plant Transcription Factor and Transcriptional Regulator Categorization and Analysis Tool   
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Location:  Details of RR-B-type family

Family Type Response regulator and putative novel transcription factor
Plant Specific No
Functional Domains Receiver domains
Must-have InterProScan Domain Pattern IPR017053
Prohibited InterProScan Domain Pattern -

Two-component signal transduction pathways typically composed of a sensor histidine kinase that receives the input stimuli and then phosphorylates a response regulator that effects an appropriate change in cellular physiology. Histidine kinases and response regulators have an intrinsic modularity that separates signal input, phosphotransfer, and output response; this modularity has allowed bacteria to dramatically expand and diversify their signaling capabilities. Plants likely gained two-component pathways through the integration of chloroplast genes into the nuclear genome. Whereas two-component genes are found in yeasts, filamentous fungi, slime molds, and plants, they are conspicuously absent from higher eukaryotes and metazoans. Type-B response regulators comprise a receiver domain along with an extended C-terminal output domain, and their expression is not regulated by any stimulus tested so far. The output domains of B-type ARRs usually contain a GARP DNA-binding motif, a C-terminal transactivation domain and at least one NLS. Several molecular and cell biological studies have provided strong evidence that B-type response regulators function as nuclear transcription factors binding to target promoters that contain the 5??-W/GAT/W-motif, where W is either A or T.


1. E. J. Capra, M. T. Laub, Evolution of two-component signal transduction systems. Annu Rev Microbiol 66, 325 (2012).

2. C. Grefen, K. Harter, Plant two-component systems: principles, functions, complexity and cross talk. Planta 219, 733 (2004)

Cross-reference to other databases

The family is the synonymous family of ARR-B in PlantTFDB.

The family is the subfamily family of ARR-B in PlnTFDB.


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